Alcohol is metabolized extremely quickly by the body, reaching the brain in one minute.
Alcohol affects every organ in the body. Its most drastic affect is on the liver. It travels through the blood stream to the liver. The liver cells are the only cells in our body that can produce enough of the enzymes that oxidize alcohol rapidly (about ½ ounce an hour). While dealing with alcohol the liver has to neglect the fat in the blood stream, which leads to fatty livers in heavy drinkers. This often leads to cirrhosis of liver.
It also increases: - The risk of gouty arthritis - The risk of cancer in the liver, pancreas, rectum, breast, mouth, pharynx, larynx and esophagus - Heart Disease - Blood pressure, blood lipids and the risk of stroke - The risk of kidney failure - Neuropathy and dementia - Impairment of balance and memory
Despite these risks, peope are forced to drink by: peer pressure, a desire to escape reality and persuasive advertisement (They would not spend the millions of dollars in advertise if it did not make people drink).