In Matthew 25:14-24 Jesus clearly taught capitalism.
Different men have different abilities to make money. Moody Adams For the kingdom of heaven is as a man travelling into a far country, who called his own servants, and delivered unto them his goods. And unto one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to every man according to his several ability; and straightway took his journey. (vss. 14-15)
The men with more ability doubled their money
Then he that had received the five talents went and traded with the same, and made them other five talents. And likewise he that had received two, he also gained other two. But he that had received one went and digged in the earth, and hid his lord's money. (vss. 16-18)
The Lord held the men accountable for the way they handle their money
After a long time the lord of those servants cometh, and reckoneth with them. And so he that had received five talents came and brought other five talents, saying, Lord, thou deliveredst unto me five talents: behold, I have gained beside them five talents more. His lord said unto him, Well done, thou good and faithful servant: thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord. He also that had received two talents came and said, Lord, thou deliveredst unto me two talents: behold, I have gained two other talents beside them. His lord said unto him, Well done, good and faithful servant; thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord. Then he which had received the one talent came and said, Lord, I knew thee that thou art an hard man, reaping where thou hast not sown, and gathering where thou hast not strawed: (vss.19-24)
The man with the least ability made nothing.
And I was afraid, and went and hid thy talent in the earth: lo, there thou hast that is thine. His lord answered and said unto him, Thou wicked and slothful servant, thou knewest that I reap where I sowed not, and gather where I have not strawed: Thou oughtest therefore to have put my money to the exchangers, and then at my coming I should have received mine own with usury.
The Lord took away the money of the poorest and gave it to the richest.
Take therefore the talent from him, and give it unto him which hath ten talents. For unto every one that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance: but from him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath. (vs. 29)
Jesus believed in redistribution of wealth. He taught taking it from the poorest who did not know how to handle money and giving it to the richest who did know how to make money.
Christ said the rich should not lay up their treasure on earth, but give it ‘directly’ to the poor. There are many verses supporting this personal, charitable giving.
I have not been able to find one Bible verse that said the rich should give money to the government and the government should care for the poor.